Kakinada is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located 465 kilometres east of the state capital, Hyderabad. It is also the headquarters of East Godavari district.
This coastal city is witnessing rapid growth thanks to the recently granted Special Economic Zone status. It is one of the largest tier-2 cities of India. The city also has a deep-water port which is expanding rapidly.
The Cosmopolitan atmosphere that is built-up here, as a consequence, gave a rare and unique opportunity to atleast two generation of students and youth of this city and around to get exposed to new winds of liberal thought which were then blowing over the country.
Kakinada is part of a Special Economic Zone and a proposed "Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Region (PCPIR)". It is a hub to all the deep sea exploratory activity in the region due to its deep-water sea port and its proximity to the gas fields.
Several theories exist regarding the origin of the name Kakinada.
One is that the place was called 'Kakinandiwada' during the reign of Nandi chiefs who ruled prior to the arrival of the Europeans and the name got truncated to Kakinada over time.
The British used to call it Cocanada (pronounced "Caa-key-naada"). After Independence, the name was renaturalised to Kakinada, although a few organisations established during the British colonial rule retain the old name (e.g., Cocanada Chamber of Commerce). As per history this place was full of ponds filled with red lotus which is called as Kokanadamu in Telugu. Eventually this became CoCanada during the British rule. Even now, the City's two railway stations are codenamed CCT (Kakinada Town Junction) and COA (Kakinada Port) by Indian Railways. Kakinada is also known as "Pensioners Paradise", as it shares it calm and pleasant environment to the retired and old-age people.
Some of the people locally conjures Kakinada as second Madras as they have some similar properties.
Kakinada port, The presence of a small island called Hope Island about 5 km from Kakinada coast makes Kakinada Port a natural harbour. It is home to two ports, an anchorage port and a deep water port. Kakinada's deep-water port is the second largest in the state after Visakhapatnam port and is the first port in the country to be built on a Public-private partnership basis (in 1996). It is operated by Kakinada Seaports Limited.
Kakinada-Uppada Beach (Vakalpudi Beach), (5 km) and Rajiv Gandhi Beach on the banks of the Godavari, Yanam, (25 km)KAKINADA BECH ROAD NEMAM VILLAGE.
Shri Bhavanarayana Swamy Temple (Sun God), Sarpavaram, Kakinada.
Draksharama Shiva Temple, (One of the five Pancharama Kshetras and aNational Heritage site).
Sri Bhimeswaraswamy Vari Temple, (Sri Chalukya Kumararama Temple, one of the five Pancharama Kshetras and a National Heritage site) (10 km) Samalkota.
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of River Godavari's estuary, (5 km)
Hope Island, a sand spit formed in sea by River Godavari.(5 km offshore, from Vakalapudi beach)